Xi'an is 1200 kms southwest of Beijing (1hour and forty minute flight); 1084 kms northwest of Shanghai (2 and half hours flight). Xian had long been the capital of ancient China. The emperor Qin Shihuang went on to establish the first imperial capital of China in Chang'an (present day Xi'an). For centuries, the Chinese Empire was governed from this location, and Chang'an remained largely its political hub until the end of the Tang dynasty around 900 AD.
Located at the eastern end of the Silk Road, Xi'an is home to some of the most spectacular sights in China, including the UNESCO-listed mausoleum of Emperor Shihuang with its thousands of life-sized terracotta warriors and their horses. Xi'an's excellent museum is one of the best in China, with Tang Dynasty pottery figurines and other relics. The Muslim Quarter, the Great Mosque, and the spectacular City Walls are all great historical sites.
Hanyangling - nicknamed nude figures of warriors
The lesser known Terracotta Army of Hanyangling, or nicknamed nude figures of warriors" is the mausoleum of the Western Han Emperor Liu Qi and his wife, the Empress Wangi, is located in the village of Zhanjianan on the Loess Plateau 20 km North of Xianyang City and some 22 kilometers from both Xianyang airport and Xian
The 81 pits contained terracotta goods for the afterlife including thousands of animals, dogs, sheep, goats and pigs all formally laid out ready for slaughter. There were stoves, grain jars, wine vessels, horses and chariots all intended for the Emperor's use in the next life. And mostly what amazed historians even more was the discovery of thousands of nude and semi-nude, armless figures of warriors one third life-size.