Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Regions. It has served and is still serving as a main entry for those crossing into Central Asia. Today it becomes a lively metropolis with an urban population of 1.08 million (You will see Carrefour Shopping Mall). The main attraction now for Xinjiang is the exhibits of mummies and other artifacts of Uigur ethnic culture and treasures from Silk Road in Xinjiang Regional Museum. The Id Kah Mosque is the largest in mosque in China. It attracts more than 10,000 worshippers for Friday prayers.
Turpan, Xinjiang Province, is a city known for its grape and melon harvest and Uigur people good at songs & dance. The Turpan Basin lies 154 meters (505 ft) below sea level in the second largest depression in the world. But karez, an ancient irrigation system made this part of desert region fertile land for grapes, melons and cotton. (It is one of the hottest regions in China, so don't visit it during summer until the end of August). Tuyu Gully is a magical place at the foot of Flaming Mountain near Turpan. With great geographical and ecological contrasts, it is home to several ancient cultures, Buddhism and Islam, and is also home to the first Chinese who practiced Islam. Close to it you will find Keraz Well, an ancient Han irrigation project.
Jiaohe (Yarkhoto) Ancient City near Turpan, sits on a 30-meter cliff of plateau surrounded by deep, fertile valleys and used to be a flourishing state capital at the intersection of two rivers, dating back to Han dynasty (206BC - 220AD). Today rivers are gone, but the city ruins remain: high clay city walls, watchtowers, wells, temples and shacks..
Kashgar is in the heart of Chinese Islam, owns the largest Muslim community and best market in China! Kashgar was once the key trading post bridging the East and the West. Today they sell, bargain and trade everything ranging from camels and donkeys to embroidered caps and ornate knives. Situated at the foot of the impressive Pamir mountains, The ancient oasis city still retains the exotic feel of the Silk Road era
The Lake Karakuri; Kazakh Yurts & grassland
The Lake Karakuri is a majestic glacial lake fed by century-old glaciers and sits at the base of Muztagh Ata (7,545 meters). The trip out here from Kashgar takes travelers 200km through treeless sand dunes, past grazing camels and yaks until suddenly this dramatic and spectacular lake appears by the roadside, as if from nowhere. The surface of this huge lake reflects the snow-covered peaks of Mount Muztagata, which towers in the background. Continue from the lake, you will see Kazakh yurts and grassland.