Located on the south bank of the Yangtze River, Nanjing,literally the South Capital, is one of the most delightful Chinese cities. It was the Capital City of six to ten dynasties what gave him a brilliant cultural heritage. At the same time it offers modern conveniences and emerging cosmopolitan lifestyle of contemporary urban China.
It has been ranked fourth by Forbes magazine in its listing of "2008 Top 100 Business Cities in Mainland China", seventh in the evaluation of "Cities with Strongest Comprehensive Strength" issued by the National Statistics Bureau, and second in the evaluation of cities with most sustainable development potential in the Yangtze River Delta. It has also been awarded the title of 2008 Habitat Scroll of Honor of China, Special Award of UN Habitat Scroll of Honor and National Civilized City
Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
Memorializes the hundreds of thousands of Chinese who died at the hands of Japanese troops in Nanjing during World War II. The memorial features an excavated mass burial site, and multimedia museum explains the entire history of the event in English, Chinese, and Japanese. A harrowing, but worthwhile place to visit.
Purple Mountain, Ming Tombs, and Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
The Purple Mountain, which is covered with evergreens and old oaks, hosts many historical and cultural sites including the tomb of the first Ming Dynasty emperor and his consorts, the mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-sen (leader of 1911 Revolution), and other impressive historical stuff.
The Gate of China (Zhonghuamen)
The southern gate of Nanjing's city wall; this massive gate is one of the best preserved parts of Nanjing's city wall, and one of the best remaining examples of early Ming defensive architecture extant anywhere.
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
This 6km bridge over the Yangtze has sculptures that are classics of Chinese socialist art; with workers and farmers carrying tools, soldiers carrying weapons, and all of them holding books, most likely Quotations of Chairman Mao Zedong (better known as The Little Red Book). The bridge was built after Soviet advisors left China during the Sino-Soviet Split of the 1960's, and is therefore the first major project built entirely by Chinese, without foreign help.
Jinling Buddhism Publishing House
Though it can only be visited by special appointment and payment of over RMB1500 per group, the Jinling Buddhism Publishing House is a fascinating facility dedicated to Buddhist theological research, and to the printing of Buddhist texts using hand-carved wooden plates. You can still see workers carving the wooden plates, printing and binding as they have been for thousands of years. The library stores stacks of 130,000 block sutras, the largest of its kind in the world. The plates are black with age and use, and need repair.