The Maijishan Grottoes are a series of 194 caves cut in the side of the hill of Majishan in Tianshui, Gansu Province, northwest China. This example of rock cut architecture contains over 7,200 Buddhist sculptures and over 1,000 square meters of murals. Construction began in the Later Qin era (384-417 CE). The mountain, which is shaped like a haystack, gets its name from the Chinese for haystack,
Although many earthquakes and conflagration, it still remains 194 caves, 7200 sculpture, 1000 square M fresco which are excavated on the cliff about 30-80m high form the ground, more than 70 percent caves were excavated in the North dynasty.
Spectacular Maiji peak, exquisite clay carving temple building under cliff, peculiar landform, about plant clear stream and waterfall combine naturally made up a harmonious landscape of mankind and nature.
FAMEN TEMLE, Baoji,120 kilometers northwest of Xian
Famen Temple is one of the most influential and important Buddhist temples in China because the Buddha Sarira, or the finger bone relic of Buddhism founder Sakyamuni, was kept here, the only one in China with finger relic of Sakyamuni. It is said to have been carried to China from northern India by monks 200 years after Buddha’s death and offered to the Emperor of China during the Tang dynasty. Famen Temple was built to house this finger bone relic that belongs to Buddha.
In 1981, a 12-story brick pagoda in the temple collapsed, revealing the largest underground Buddhist vault ever found in China. Many precious relics were discovered, including 2400 pieces of gold, silverware, jewelry and 8th century textile products. The vault apparently lay in obscurity for1,000 years and escaped the ravages of the Cultural Revolution. It was discovered by archeologist cleaning the temple runs in 1987.
From 2002-2005, the figer relics has been carried to Hong Kong, Taiwan and Republic of Korea for exhibition and enshrinement.
May 8, 2009 - The finger bone relic housed in Famen Temple, according to historical documentation and epigraphy, is the real finger bone of the Sakyamuni.