Xi'an is 1200 kms southwest of Beijing (1hour and forty minute flight); 1084 kms northwest of Shanghai (2 and half hours flight). Xian had long been the capital of ancient China. The emperor Qin Shihuang went on to establish the first imperial capital of China in Chang'an (present day Xi'an). For centuries, the Chinese Empire was governed from this location, and Chang'an remained largely its political hub until the end of the Tang dynasty around 900 AD.
Located at the eastern end of the Silk Road, Xi'an is home to some of the most spectacular sights in China, including the UNESCO-listed mausoleum of Emperor Shihuang with its thousands of life-sized terracotta warriors and their horses. Xi'an's excellent museum is one of the best in China, with Tang Dynasty pottery figurines and other relics. The Muslim Quarter, the Great Mosque, and the spectacular City Walls are all great historical sites.
So no visit to Xi'an should be considered complete tour to China without at least a stop here.
Luoyang lies in the "centre of the loess" near to the south of the Yellow River in Henan province. For several centuries, Luoyang was the center of China, a major cradle of Chinese civilization
Luoyang has Longmen Grottoes, one of the 4 most famous Buddhist grottoes in China with over one hundred thousand Buddha figures in more than twenty three hundred niches carved on the hill; and Songshan Mountain's famous Shaolin Temple - the cradle of Shaolin Kung Fu and the number one Buddhist temple in China.
Datong in north of Shanxi, north China is known for the second-largest of the nearly 51,000 sandstone statues of Buddha in 53 Yungang grottoes; the wooden Hanging Monastery built about 1.400 years ago on extremely sheer cliffs of Hengshan Mountain. Bridges and corridors connect the different buildings of the monastery.
Pingyao in Shanxi Province, northen China, is a significant Ming Dynasty walled city, with one of the few walls in China remaining intact and now a UNESCO World Heritage site. The city has a 2700 year history. It was the center of China's modern Banking system from 1825, however with the collapse of the Qing Dynasty the banking and finances were transferred to Shanghai and Hong Kong which turned the city into a backwater, saving it from development and preserving its character. The cities' wealth of Chinese traditional buildings include courtyard houses,historic bank courtyard buildings, and more than 3000 historic shops.
Located on the south bank of the Yangtze River, Nanjing,literally the South Capital, is one of the most delightful Chinese cities. It was the Capital City of six to ten dynasties what gave him a brilliant cultural heritage. At the same time it offers modern conveniences and emerging cosmopolitan lifestyle of contemporary urban China.
It has been ranked fourth by Forbes magazine in its listing of "2008 Top 100 Business Cities in Mainland China", seventh in the evaluation of "Cities with Strongest Comprehensive Strength" issued by the National Statistics Bureau, and second in the evaluation of cities with most sustainable development potential in the Yangtze River Delta. It has also been awarded the title of 2008 Habitat Scroll of Honor of China, Special Award of UN Habitat Scroll of Honor and National Civilized City
Liu Hai Kan Qiao
Day 1 Beijing
- Arrive at Beijing and be transferred to Hotel .
Day 2 Beijing/Great Wall Mutianyu & Ming Tombs
- Visit the over 500 years imperial Ming Tombs sites in the suburb of Beijing in the morning, then head to Mutianyu Section of Great Wall. Before our ascent, we will stop for lunch at a Chinese restaurant near the base of Mutianyu. Then, it takes a 40-minute hike along the Wall’s steps or a 5-minute cable car ride from the foot of the mountain to the top. However, be aware that the Wall itself also requires hiking up and down from one section to another if you wish to see several watchtowers and viewpoints.
Day 3. Beijing /Pedicab Hutong Family Visit + National Museum + Forbidden City
- In the morning, we drive to the Hutong, area to have a glimpse at life in a local hutong (a network of narrow streets and alleyways that make up a preserved neighborhood of old Beijing), a chat with a resident of a traditional courtyard house, a walk through Tiananmen Square, vist the National Museum, lunch at a Chinese restaurant, and a guided trek through the Forbidden City.
Day 4. Beijing/Temple of Heaven + Summer Palace + Olympic Venues– Datong (flight)
- Learn the history and the architectural symbols of the Temple of Heaven and learn to practice taichi in the park.
- Walk around the the Olympic Venues (Bird Nest & Water Cube) for pictures, then head to the Summer Palace, the imperial garden & palace which is mainly dominated by the Lake & Longevity Hill.
- Take the evening flight to Datong and check into the hotel.
Day 5. Datong/Yungang Grottoes -Taiyuan
- Yungang Grottoes
- Hanging Monastery, wooden structure built precariously on a sheer cliff
- Drive to Taiyuan, the capital city to check in 4-star hotel.
Day 6. Taiyuan / Pingyao
- Head for "Wang's Great Courtyard" and then drive to Pingyao Ancient City. Check in guesthouse.
- Visit a Piaohao museum and learn the modern banking system
Day 7. Pingyao / Taiyuan-Xi’an
- Stroll on the top of the city wall and view the whole walled city
- Visit the town chief administrator's office and watch a performance of a trial in the past.
- Transfer to the airport to fly to Xi’an.Taiyuan – Xi’an(20:40-22:00)
Day 8. Xi'an City/Ancient City Wall/Terracotta Warriors
- We starts the day with a leisurely stroll along Xi'an's glorious Ming-era city walls, then visit the world famous excavation site - the Terracotta Warriors, thousands of life-sized soldiers, officers, horses and wagons, form a component of the underground army buried to protect the first emperor of China during his afterlife - he is also builder of the Great Wall.
(Breakfast, lunch, dinner included)
Day 9. Xi'an City/Muslim Mosque
- This day we make for an early start to the Small Goose Pagoda - one of China's most famous pagodas, then visit the Shaanxi History Museum, meandering through its halls of ancient treasures that trace back more than 1,000 years of Chinese History, and evidence the important role Xi'An played as a center of development for Buddhism.
- After lunch, we explore the winding alleys of the Muslim Quarter with its unique Great Mosque.
- You will also have time for shopping in the bazaar.
Day 10. Xi’an-Luoyang / White Horse Temple / Longmen Grottoes
- Check out the hotel in Xi'an and transfer to Luoyang by the new bullet train. G2002 (08:30-11:05)
- Upon arrival, we will visit the Longmen Grottoes, UNESCO-listed world heritage site in 2000. It is one of the 4 most famous Buddhist grottoes in China with over one hundred thousand Buddha figures in more than twenty three hundred niches carved on the hill.
- After lunch, we will visit the White Horse Temple, the very first temple in China when Buddhism was introduced from India.
- Afterwards, we visit the Six Horses Chariots Museum, a newly excavated emperors' pit where a dozen of chariots and scores of horses were found dating back to 770 BC East Zhou Dynasty. Other valuable bronze and pottery articles were available as well. The pit was discovered by the construction workers recently when they built the city center square.
- Stay over night in Luoyang.
- (Breakfast, lunch, dinner included)
Day 11. Luoyang / Shaolin Temple / Zhengzhou-Nanjing
- We will drive 1.5 hours to Songshan Mountain, visiting famous Shaolin Temple, the cradle of Shaolin Kung Fu and one of the most famous Buddhist temple in China. Now it serves as a center for Zen Buddhism research and development. Watch Kungfu performance presented by monks.
- Visit the Forest of Pagodas in the back of Shaolin Temple.
- Drive to Zhengzhou, capital city of Henan and fly to Nanjing. (Breakfast, lunch included)
Day 12. Nanjing
- We will first visit a very unique cultural heritage site of Nanjing - a traditional Buddism Publishing House. It is a fascinating facility dedicated to Buddhist theological research, and printing of Buddhist texts using hand-carved wooden plates. You will not only see workers carving and printing by hands, but visiting the storage where hundreds of old hand-carved wooden plates (many are in bad quality because of age and use).
- After lunch, we will head to the famous Nanjing Massacre Memorial and Museum. Optional, you can visit a Brocade Museum.
- Dinner and free time to stroll around at the bank of Qinhuai River and Confucius Temple area and appreciate beautiful night scene. Flower boat ride along the light-up river is optional.
Day 13. Nanjing -Shanghai
- We will head straight to the Purple Mountain, which is covered with evergreens and old oaks and hosts many historical and cultural sites including the Sun Yatsen's Mausoleum . We will appreciate the plum blossom in the "Plum Valley" of the Purple Mountain and then mount on the Sun Yatsen's Mausoleum. on route, we will pass along the well known Soviet Union style Nanjing Yatze River Bridge.
- In ther afternoon, we come back to the old city of Nanjing to visit other interesting cultural sites of Nanjing. First walk around the Republican-era Architecture area; meander in the hidden alleys to explore some Republican-Era Architecture of Nanjing.
- Walk around by the old city walls and mount on one preserving Zhonghuamen Gate, finest remaining example of Nanjing's ancient city walls.
- Transfer to the train station for train to Shanghai Train D5447 (18:54-21:35)
- Arrive in Shanghai and check into hotel.
Day 14. Shanghai
- Our day begins at the Bund and the center of Pudong. After that, have a guided walk through the colonial architecture in Shanghai, viewing some of the most important buildings along the Bund and French Concession.
- Night cruise on the Huangpu River and stay another night in Shanghai.
Day 15. Shanghai/Depart
- This morning we visit the Shanghai Museum, one of the most modern in China. This afternoon we take you to visit the Yu Gardens, one of the best examples of traditional Chinese garden design in the country. Afterwards, you will have some time to stroll through Shanghai's Old Quarter.
- transfer to the airport for your flight home.