Faith: When we have faith in something, there will be a firmer and more stable mind to keep doing it. So if we trust in the way we practice, we would like to spend more time and energy on it. Faith also means confidence, if there’s not enough confidence on the mind and body, the energy is hard to generate. But the right faith must be based on the understanding of what you’ve read or been taught. The right faith derives from our direct feeling of real practice.
Diligence: Faith gives birth to diligence, and diligence gives support to faith. The right diligence is the power of doing things constantly in the right way. The patience with solid steps is the characteristic of right diligence. Right diligence will not become the slave of desire, but the master of the middle way with normal mind. It will be encouraged by more understanding on what you are doing, and improved by perceiving causes and conditions.
Mindfulness: To be aware of the moment will provide the “fuel” of exposing wisdom and unveil the reality of what is happening. Remembering to keep awareness of the moment will give conditions to initiate the right concentration, which helps us to avoid attachment to the outcome without clear mind of the moment. The right mindfulness is not polluted by expectation or imagination.
Concentration: It is the continuous mindfulness based on the stable mind. It will bring deeper and broader insight power, which lets us see everything more truly and wholly. The right concentration is like a clean clear mirror, which can reflect the real face of everything without defilement of desire and emotions.
Wisdom: It is the understanding of the essence of everything. It is the natural outcome of diligence, mindfulness and concentration. It is the source of the faith. It is the key to open the lock of the mind. It is the sword to cut off the root of afflictions.