The population is mostly Han Chinese with minorities of Mongol, Manchu, and Hui.
The prestige of Pingyao beef has spread far and wide in China. High in nutritional value, the beef is fresh and tender with a mouthwatering fragrance and a mellow taste..
Paper cuts are used as decorations for windows, ceilings, lanterns and other objects. They became popular during the Qing Dynasty and have remained fashionable. Some common patterns include a snake encircling a rabbit, pomegranates with their abundant seeds, a frog blowing a bugle, a magpie in a plum tree, mandarin ducks on water, and 'xi' (happiness). There are also characters for marriage including 'living a hundred years,' 'life-long happiness and perfect harmony,' 'happiness has descended upon the house,' 'luck and auspiciousness.' After the People's Republic of China was founded, paper cuttings were exhibited in Pingyao's arts exhibitions every year. Some famous local craftswomen are Cao Qiaoying from Qiaotou Village and Zhang Yuying from Jinghua Village.
A Chinese saying is that the feet seem to age faster than the rest of the body so to remain healthy, people should take care of their feet. The most distinctive features of handmade cloth shoes are good ventilation and sweat absorption. Their flexibility adapts them to the wearer's feet, making them very comfortable. Children's shoes with embroidered cat or tiger faces on them are called cat- or tiger-shaped shoes, and demonstrate traditional Chinese needlecraft. The cat-shaped shoes are charmingly naive. These auspicious symbols are supposed to ward off evil and prevent calamities, and build wealth and honor. The soft shoes can protect babies' feet well.